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Multi-criteria Decision Making based on AHP and ANP for Sustainable Timber Production and Harvesting in the Forest Ranges of Yamunanagar District, Haryana, India

Anuradha ., Sandeep Gupta


Sustainable timber harvesting is necessary to protect tree stands and to maintain a supply-demand ratio of timber wood. In this study, a pilot test followed by a questionnaire-based ground survey in 2016-17 for a decision problem of sustainable timber production and harvesting (STPH) was conducted between the communities residing along the fringes of four forest ranges of Yamunanagar districts of Haryana, India. The responses are analyzed and preferences are developed using the two multi-criteria decision-making methods (MCDMs), analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and analytical network process (ANP). For prioritization, 3 criteria, 6 indicators and 4 alternatives for each indicator is used in the ‘Super Decisions software’. The result signifies a top prioritization of STPH having the highest weight of 0.379 (AHP) and 0.382 (ANP), followed by a weight of 0.368 (AHP) and 0.371 (ANP) in forest health and vitality and then 0.261 (AHP) and 0.262 (ANP) in timber economy. The assumption and respondents' feedback showed that there is plenty of scope for timber plantation and harvesting in the Sadhaura range. For this, agro forestry can be a valid option. The survey revealed that there is a loss in forest cover due to forest fire, flooding, and illegal mining of sand and stone in the Jagadhari range and therefore it needs maximum attention to maintain its forest health and vitality. On a similar note, the Chhachhrauli forest range contains the least growing stock and therefore there is a need to maintain the stand statistic and logwood stock. Most of the area of the Kalesar forest range is under a wildlife sanctuary and national park. Therefore, forest cover and density are highest in Kalesar leading to a high growing stock, minimum harvesting, and good forest health and vitality, which in turn is reflected in its weight. This study shows that a sustainable timber management plan can be implemented if the data, survey, respondents' feedback, and the AHP- and ANP-based result is added into it. This will not only increase the forest cover and density but will also boost the socio-economy in the study area. 


Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM); Analytical hierarchy process (AHP); Analytical network process (ANP); Sustainable timber production and harvesting; Forest health and vitality; Timber economy.

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